Rodrigo, Joaquín

Rodrigo, Joaquín
b. 1901, Sagunto
   Joaquín Rodrigo characterized his compositional aesthetic by drawing a comparison between his Concierto de Aranjuez (1938–9) and a graceful move of the torero's cape in the bullring, thus linking his most succesful piece to a quintessentially Spanish image. As Rodrigo has been blind from the age of three, the reference to the cape's movement through the air must be understood not visually but metaphorically, an indication of his attraction towards traditional values in vogue during the later part of the nineteenth century and revived by the Franco regime as an intrinsic part of the nationalist spirit. From the time of this composition onwards, his style was fixed. Rodrigo first studied music in Valencia with Eduardo Lopez Chararri, who may have transferred his enthusiasm for folk music to his pupil. He went on to study composition with Paul Dukas at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris. As with many composers before him, the role Paris played in his development is of great importance, for it was there that Rodrigo strengthened his resolve to write music rooted in Spanish tradition. He has written only one composition that has a definite regional character, the symphonic poem Per la flor del lliri blau (By the Flower of the Blue Lily) (1934) which is based on a Valencian folk song, otherwise Rodrigo's music is far more concerned with a centralized image of the nation. The Concierto de Aranjuez was intended to evoke the spirit of a mythical and glorious past, and made the composer a leading exponent of the Nationalist movement. Its success led him to repeat the formula again and again, though without achieving the same results until Fantasia para un gentilhombre (Fantasy for a Gentleman), composed in 1954. This piece, based on music by Gaspar Sanz (1640–1710), also tended towards a nationalist outlook. After Falla's death, Rodrigo was acknowledged to be Spain's foremost living composer and was honoured with a number of medals including the Grand Cross of the Order of Alfonso X in 1953. His major works include ballets, opera, chamber music and compositions for guitar, piano, voice and orchestra. Rodrigo settled in Madrid after the Civil War, where he not only composed and wrote musical criticisms, but was attached to the national radio and became professor of musical history at the university. In 1996 he became the first composer ever to be awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Arts.
   See also: Francoist culture
   Further reading
   - Kamhi de Rodrigo, V. (1992) Hand in Hand with Joaquín Rodrigo: My Life at the Maestro's Side, trans. E.Wilkerson, Pittsburgh (a personal biography by his pianist wife).
   - Marco, T. (1993) "Nationalism and Casticismo", in C.Franzen (trans.) Spanish Music in the Twentieth Century, Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press (an excellent overview, which takes into account the impact of national culture on composition).

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Rodrigo, Joaquín — born Nov. 22, 1901, Sagunto, Spain died July 6, 1999, Madrid Spanish composer. Rodrigo, who was blind from age three, studied music from an early age. Best known for his music for the guitar, especially his highly successful Concierto de Aranjuez …   Universalium

  • Rodrigo, Joaquín — ► (1902 99) Compositor español. En 1940 estrenó el Concierto de Aranjuez para guitarra y orquesta, obra que ha tenido una inmensa difusión. En 1944 recibió el Premio Nacional por el conjunto de su obra. Su música es una síntesis entre el folclor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joaquín Rodrigo — Vidre Busto de Joaquín Rodrigo, situado en el parque de España de la ciudad de Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joaquin Rodrigo — Joaquín Rodrigo Vidre (* 22. November 1901 in Sagunto, Valencia; † 6. Juli 1999 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Stil 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joaquin Rodrigo — Joaquín Rodrigo Joaquín Rodrigo, né le 22 novembre 1901 à Sagunto (Valencia) et mort le 6 juillet 1999 à Madrid, est un compositeur espagnol. Il est l auteur de plusieurs concertos pour guitare, dont le célébrissime Concerto d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joaquin — Joaquín ist ein spanischer männlicher Vorname. Die deutsche Form des Namens ist Joachim; zu Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe dort. Namensträger sind u.a.: Joaquín Almunia (* 1948), spanischer Politiker Joaquín Balaguer (1906–2002),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Rodrigo — Roderic, Roderico, o don Rodrigo, fue el último rey visigodo de Hispania antes de su conquista por los musulmanes. Reinó del 710 al 711, y murió en la batalla de Guadalete, con la que los musulmanes comenzaron la conquista de la península Ibérica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joaquín — Nombre propio masculino, del hebreo yehoyaqim, que significa Jahvé construirá, edificará . (Otras fuentes dicen que su significado es El que tiene firmeza en su vida ). Es el nombre del patriarca Joaquín, padre de la Virgen María. Se empezó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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